Can you imagine our geographical map with Australia at the center and South pole emerging at the top? Why is the map the way it is? Why there is Europe at the center of map? I searched the answer in few books and found out why. The answer is Eurocentrism. Eurocentrism is hard to explain in simple words but if you say “it is when people fro Europe considered themselves cooler, smarter and more intelligent than the other people.
Many years ago all civilizations liked to map the world around themselves. In ancient Greece the famous philosopher Aristotle located Greece between Europe and Asia. ascribing the best features of both to his fellows Greeks and considering the rest to be the worst. Later Western Europeans followed Aristotelian haughtiness and of course his philosophy. Europeans thought higher of themselves than of others and due to their political and financial power people around the world believed it.
Of course now, in the modern world science is considered to be all people’s achievement. But anyway, a long time Europe was thought as a cradle of intelligence and knowledge. There was so called Dark Age that was followed by Middle age and finally Renaissance in 14th century. Historians have illuminated Europe’s Dark and Middle Ages from the books saying that nothing particularly important happened then. But this is not true! They made it seem that scientific knowledge came from ancient Greece straight to Renaissance. Dark age had meaning on our development as much as Middle age. While Europe was in ITS Dark age the rest of the world continued living and making impacts on our knowledge. Arabic scholars, for instance, actively studied Greek knowledge. China made a huge innovation, it had a strong economy and introduced more advanced industrial and agricultural innovations in Europe even though it was vied as remote and esoteric place. Muslims were experimenters and theoreticians, they had their own skills and beliefs that were collected by them. They also modified and expanded Greek knowledge on medicine and mathematics. But Europe was silent then, there were no invention on science or technology from there. Frequent trading networks were expanding and people were able to travel long distances. Moving from one place to other they took their thoughts, ideas and things that differed so much from the local that their technics changed as they moved because knowledge exchanged and adopted to fit the local circumstances. In Europe, there is a city in Italy called Venice. Venice, you might have heard, is the place of many innovations, but it is not so since Venice traded eastward and westward. So every innovation from there was actually modified technics and methods from China, India and Islamic civilization.
Modern scientific world is the outcome of Anglo-American and European effort. Historians have just erased the huge amount of information elevating Dark and Middle ages from the books on Science history. We see that Europe wasn’t the only place on Earth to be developing. The rest of the world made a big influence on us today.